Electrical plates are also called electronic plates or silicon plates. Compared to regular steel plates, silicon plates contain more silicon, featuring good electric and magnetic characteristics
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During the preliminary annealing process, a scale which may have formed on the hot rolled steel is removed as delayed passing through scale breaker and a hydrochloric acid bath. This initial heat treatment process improves the cold rolling properties of steel as well as its magnetic properties.
In order to obtain specific thickness and material properties, a reduction ratio of 40-90% is applied normally. Rolling and edge trimming machines are automatically controlled to obtain uniform thickness and width.
Annealing is a process in which cold rolled structures are converted to a recrystallized structure through heat treatment. For grain oriented electrical steel, two different annealing methods are available: decarbonization annealing and high-temperature annealing. Decarbonization annealing removes excess carbon from the steel and applies a MgO coating. High-temperature annealing produces secondary recrystallized structures having superior magnetic properties.
In this process, insulation coating is applied by a continuous coater roll in order to minimize eddy current losses, which are proportional to the sheet thickness. A series of coaters are used to apply insulation coating liquid to the top and bottom of a plate. Grain oriented electrical steel has two layers of coating, a base coating of dark brown Forsterite (Mg2SiO4) as the main ingredient and a transparent insulating coating containing phosphates. For non-oriented electrical steel, various coating methods with various thicknesses and ingredients are used depending on end usage and specific user’s requirements.