The POSCO Quality

Steel Plate

Steel plates are hot rolled products that have a relatively high thickness. Products having a thickness of over 4.5 mm are classified as steel plates, and those having a thickness of over 100 mm are called thick steel plates. Slabs of steel plates made through continuous casting are tailored to the dimensions specified by the customer through rolling and cooling before being cut into their final sizes.

POSCO uses a computerized automatic control over its entire process to produce high-quality steel plate. This allows us to ensure accuracy as well as full customization to meet customer needs. Our steel plates are extensively used for members for welded structures. Their common applications include shipbuilding, construction and heavy machines, offshore structures and wind farms, pressure vessels (storage tanks) and line pipes (carrying oil). Key features required include chemical composition, material, dimensions, form, surface and internal quality, and additional requirements depending on the application include weldability, workability, heat resistance and anti-corrosion.

Digital Brochure

More

Steel Plate for Shipbuilding

Shipbuilding steel refers to steel commonly used for shipbuilding. In fact, shipbuilding is the area where steel plates are most extensively used. Shipbuilding steel requires a wide variety of features in terms of strength, dimension, surface, form and impact toughness (represented as grade A to F) depending on the application. All of our steel plates, including regular steel and high tensile steel approved by classification societies of many countries as well as TMCP-manufactured high tensile steel that allows for highly efficient electro-gas arc welding, are used for shipbuilding.

[Classification Societies] Korean Register of Shipping (KR), ClassNK, ABS, LR, DNV GL, RINA, BV, CCS, RS

Key Specifications

?
  • POSCOPOSCO Standards
  • KSKorean Industrial Standards
  • JISJapanese Industrial Standards
  • ENEuropean Standards
  • DINDentsches Institut fur Normung
  • BSBritish Standards
  • ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
  • SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
  • APIAmerican Petroleum Institute
닫기
  • - A, B, C, D, AH32, DH32, EH32, FH32, AH36, DH36, EH36, FH36, AH40, DH40, EH40, EH47
  • - LTFH32, LTFH36, EH40BCA, EH47BCA, EH40BCACOD, EH47BCACOD. A500, D500, E500, AQ51, DQ51, EQ51
Related Industries
Ship

Steel Plate for Structure

Structural steel is commonly used for ground structures, welded structures, bridges, industrial machines and many other similar applications. Wide applications mean a wide range of specifications used. Good weldability is essential because the use of these products always involves welding. Strength matching the use and the specifications used is also required. Typical methods applied to the production of this product include regular rolling and TMCP process, but heat treatment is often used when high tensile strength of over 60 kg is needed

Key Specifications

?
  • POSCOPOSCO Standards
  • KSKorean Industrial Standards
  • JISJapanese Industrial Standards
  • ENEuropean Standards
  • DINDentsches Institut fur Normung
  • BSBritish Standards
  • ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
  • SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
  • APIAmerican Petroleum Institute
닫기
  • - POSCO : PosTen590/780/950, PILAC-BT33, PILAC-BT36, PILAC-BT45
    PIL-SN325B/C, PIL-SN385B/C, HSA500/600
  • - KS : SS235/275/315/410/450/550, SM275A/B/C/D, SM355A/B/C/D, SM420A/B/C/D, SM460B/C, SN275B/C, SN355B/C, HSB380(L)/460(L)/690(L), HSA650
  • - JIS : SS330/400/490/540, SM400A/B/C, SM490A/B/C, SM490YA/YB, SM520B/C, SM570
  • - EN10025-2/3/4/6 : S235/375/355JR, S235/375/355J0, S235/375/355J2, S355/420/460N(L), S275/355/420/460M(L), S460/620/690/890Q(L/L1)
  • - BS : 4360 Gr40B Gr43A/B/C/D/E, EEGr50A/B/C/D
  • - ASTM : A283 Gr-C/D, A36, A572 Gr-42/50/60/65, A633 GrC, A514 Gr-F, A573 Gr-70
Related Industries
Architectural Structure Bridge

Weather Resistant Steel

Atmospheric corrosion resistant steel is used for large on- and offshore structures including bridges. It contains elements such as Cu, Cr and Ni for improved weathering and corrosion resistance. Some of its applications need painting while others don’t. Those used for the latter have thin and robust, anti-corrosive films on the surface that are formed through reaction with air.

Key Specifications

?
  • POSCOPOSCO Standards
  • KSKorean Industrial Standards
  • JISJapanese Industrial Standards
  • ENEuropean Standards
  • DINDentsches Institut fur Normung
  • BSBritish Standards
  • ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
  • SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
  • APIAmerican Petroleum Institute
닫기
  • - KS : SMA355AW/AP/BW/BP/CW/CP, HSB380W/460W
  • - JIS : SMA490AW/AP/BW/BP/CW/CP
  • - ASTM : A588 Gr A/B
Related Industries
Interior and Exterior Bridge

Steel Plate for Mold Base

Steel for molds is a kind of structural rolled steel, mainly used for various heavy equipment and machinery products. These products are particularly important for machinability and abrasion resistance, which also determines the lifetime of machine products.

Key Specifications

?
  • POSCOPOSCO Standards
  • KSKorean Industrial Standards
  • JISJapanese Industrial Standards
  • ENEuropean Standards
  • DINDentsches Institut fur Normung
  • BSBritish Standards
  • ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
  • SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
  • APIAmerican Petroleum Institute
닫기
  • - POSCO : POSMOLD1, 2
  • - JIS : S10C-S55C, SCM440, AISI1020-1055
  • - ASTM : SAE1010-1049
Related Industries
Machine Structure

Steel Plate for Linepipe

Also commonly called linepipe steel, pipe and tubular steel is typically used for mass transport of key energy sources such as crude oil and natural gas. Therefore, it must provide the durability required to carry such key energy sources over a long range from the point of production to the point of consumption. Recently, many other features are expected of the steel as its applications expand resulting from less and less availability of close-to-reach energy sources. Examples include impact toughness required for use at extremely low temperatures and resistance to hydrogen induced cracking and/or stress corrosion cracking required for use in a harsh environment where H2S pressure is high.

Key Specifications

?
  • POSCOPOSCO Standards
  • KSKorean Industrial Standards
  • JISJapanese Industrial Standards
  • ENEuropean Standards
  • DINDentsches Institut fur Normung
  • BSBritish Standards
  • ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
  • SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
  • APIAmerican Petroleum Institute
닫기
  • - API : API 5L-B, X42, X46, X52, X56, X60, X65, X70, X80, X100, X120
Related Industries
Transportation

Steel Plate for Offshore Structure

Offshore steel is widely used for large scale platforms for drilling and/or production of oil. Required features for this steel include good ductility in the direction of thickness and low-temperature toughness that can help the platform withstand harsh offshore conditions such as drastic changes in underwater currents and waves on the surface. We deliver anti-lamellar tear steel and HAZ CTOD tested steel that can provide a much higher level of such features.

Key Specifications

?
  • POSCOPOSCO Standards
  • KSKorean Industrial Standards
  • JISJapanese Industrial Standards
  • ENEuropean Standards
  • DINDentsches Institut fur Normung
  • BSBritish Standards
  • ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
  • SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
  • APIAmerican Petroleum Institute
닫기
  • - EN10225 : S355G9/10+M, S420/460G1/2+M
  • - API : API-2W-50/60, API-2H-42/50 TOTAL Spec : S355KL20~KT-50(Z), S420KT-40Z
Related Industries
Plant & Storage

Steel Plate for Boiler & Pressure Vessel

This steel is extensively used for vessels designed to store energy sources such as crude oil, natural gas and LNG. These vessels must provide the environment required for the energy source contained including high pressure and extremely low or high temperature. Therefore, the steel used for this purpose requires excellent workability, weldability, heat resistance and corrosion resistance. POSCO’s boiler & pressure vessel quality steel is widely used for applications that handle various energy sources, including gas ball tank, LPG tanks, crude oil or other liquified material tanks, storage tanks and thermal power boilers.

Key Specifications

?
  • POSCOPOSCO Standards
  • KSKorean Industrial Standards
  • JISJapanese Industrial Standards
  • ENEuropean Standards
  • DINDentsches Institut fur Normung
  • BSBritish Standards
  • ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
  • SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
  • APIAmerican Petroleum Institute
닫기
  • - JIS : SB410/450/480, SGV410, SPV235/315/450/490, SB450M/480M
  • - ASTM : A285 GrA/B/C, A515 Gr55/60/65/70, A537 CLASS1/2, A387 Gr11/12/22, A542 GrD
Related Industries
Plant & Storage

Steel Plate for Low Temperature Pressure Vessel

Low-temperature pressure vessel steel is made by enhancing the extremely low-temperature property of existing boiler and pressure vessel quality steel. It is also called high nickel (Ni) steel as it has a high level of nickel content. This product features superb toughness against extremely low temperatures and good resistance to corrosion enabled by the nickel contained. Its common applications include LNG tanks and liquified gas storage tanks. It is also often used in place of expensive stainless steel.

Key Specifications

?
  • POSCOPOSCO Standards
  • KSKorean Industrial Standards
  • JISJapanese Industrial Standards
  • ENEuropean Standards
  • DINDentsches Institut fur Normung
  • BSBritish Standards
  • ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
  • SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
  • APIAmerican Petroleum Institute
닫기
  • - JIS : SLA325B/360
  • - ASTM : A203 GrD/E, A553 TYPE 1/3
Related Industries
Plant & Storage

High Manganese Steel

High manganese steel contains 3 to 27 percent of manganese. It is World First (WF) material featuring better performance and economic feasibility. Other features include high strength, low-temperature toughness, abrasion resistance, non-magnetic and anti-vibration.

Key Specifications

?
  • POSCOPOSCO Standards
  • KSKorean Industrial Standards
  • JISJapanese Industrial Standards
  • ENEuropean Standards
  • DINDentsches Institut fur Normung
  • BSBritish Standards
  • ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
  • SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
  • APIAmerican Petroleum Institute
닫기
  • - POSCO : 추후작성
Related Industries
Plant & Storage Ship

Abrasion Resistant Steel

This is a steel plate featuring a high resistance to abrasion. Its typical applications include excavator buckets, crusher blades and dump truck beds. It must be thin and wide before being used.

Key Specifications

?
  • POSCOPOSCO Standards
  • KSKorean Industrial Standards
  • JISJapanese Industrial Standards
  • ENEuropean Standards
  • DINDentsches Institut fur Normung
  • BSBritish Standards
  • ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
  • SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
  • APIAmerican Petroleum Institute
닫기
  • - POSCO : PosAR400/450/500/600
  • - ATOS590/780/980
Related Industries
Heavy Equipment

Bulletproof Steel Plate

This is steel with a high tensile strength that can provide bulletproof capability and sufficient protection. It is widely used for the outer panels of armored personnel carriers, tanks and self-propelled guns/howitzers.

Key Specifications

?
  • POSCOPOSCO Standards
  • KSKorean Industrial Standards
  • JISJapanese Industrial Standards
  • ENEuropean Standards
  • DINDentsches Institut fur Normung
  • BSBritish Standards
  • ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
  • SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
  • APIAmerican Petroleum Institute
닫기
  • - POSCO : HY80/100/150, PFS700
  • - MIL : MIL-A12560H, MIL-HY80, MIL-HY100, MIL-PFS700
    *MIL Military Standards
Related Industries
Defense Industry Naval Vessel

High Strength Steel

This product is ideal for components requiring high strength and toughness. It is widely used for specially designed cranes, trailer frames, hoist and many other similar machines.

Key Specifications

?
  • POSCOPOSCO Standards
  • KSKorean Industrial Standards
  • JISJapanese Industrial Standards
  • ENEuropean Standards
  • DINDentsches Institut fur Normung
  • BSBritish Standards
  • ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
  • SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
  • APIAmerican Petroleum Institute
닫기
  • - POSCO : PosTen540/570/590/690/780/950
  • - EN: S460/550/690/960
  • - ASTM: A656, A514/517
Related Industries
Heavy Equipment

Construction Application Technology

With the Eco-friendly LNG-powered Vessel, POSCO Is All Ready to Set Sail!
At a shipyard in Mokpo on December 11 2020, a ship naming ceremony was held for two vessels that received the name of “HL ECO” and “HL Green”. Both vessels, able to carry up to 180,000 tons, are the world’s first LNG-powered bulk carriers, as well as eco-friendly carriers that POSCO has preemptively introduced to replace conventional ones. POSCO’s 9% nickel steel was applied as materials for the fuel tanks of the vessels, whereas 42,000 tons of POSCO steel plates were used in the bodies. The ships, HL ECO and HL Green, will transport iron ore and coal to steelworks, traveling between Korea and Australia.▲ A photo of HL Green (left) and HL ECO (right), the world’s first LNG-powered bulk carriers that POSCO has introduced as an eco-friendly raw material carrier★ What is an LNG-powered bulk carrier?Identifying car models according to fuel type or purpose isn’t a difficult task, but classifying ships is somewhat unfamiliar. Especially when Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is included in the ship’s name, it becomes more confusing — since LNG can be transported onboard the vessels and be used as fuel to power them as well. To better understand LNG vessels, let’s take a look at the following question.Q. Choose the incorrect statement from the following regarding LNG vessels.ⓛ LNG Carrier – a vessel that transports methane (CH4), the main component of LNG, in gas form② LNG-powered Vessel – a ship that utilizes LNG as fuel③ LNG-powered Container Ship – A freight vessel that carries cargo in containers and uses LNG as fuel④ LNG-powered Bulk Carrier – A freight vessel that transport cargo as it is and uses LNG as fuel(Major cargo includes ore, coal, grain, etc.)※ AnswerLNG is made by liquefying natural gas mainly containing methane (CH4) for storage and transporting. When it is cooled to -162℃ and liquefied, the volume is compressed to 1/600, so LNG shipping is more convenient in liquid than gas. Therefore, the incorrect statement would be ⓛ.

l The Advent of the Golden Age of Gas

In 2019, the global demand for LNG reached 359 million tons, a 12.5% increase compared to 2018. U.S. oil and gas company Shell also forecasts that LNG demand will increase to 700 million tons in 2040. The keyword driving demand for LNG is “eco-friendly”. Especially starting from this year, vessels that do not meet the regulations of the UN’s International Maritime Organization (IMO) will not be able to enter the port of a member state. Therefore, just as electric vehicles and hydrogen vehicles are in the spotlight of the automotive industry, eco-friendly ships, such as LNG-powered vessels, are receiving the limelight in the shipbuilding industry.According to a report issued in August 2020 by the POSCO Research Institute (POSRI), the shipbuilding scale of LNG-powered vessels is expected to expand from 20 trillion KRW in 2020 to 130 trillion KRW within five years, an increase by more than six times. The report also stated that ships to be ordered by 2029 are 2,500 to 3,000, and by 2030, it is estimated that 60% of the ships built in Korea will be LNG-powered vessels. Ten years have passed since the International Energy Agency (IEA) first mentioned the “Golden Age of Gas” in its annual report, and it is becoming reality in the forthcoming low carbon age.

l Why Are LNG-powered Vessels Eco-friendly?

LNG is an eco-friendly energy source, effective in reducing emissions of sulfur oxide by 99%, nitrogen oxide by 90%, and carbon dioxide by 30% compared to conventional fuels. Its fuel efficiency is comparable to that of bunker oil and the price is also reasonable. Especially in 2020, due to the expanded supply and the contraction of energy demand triggered by COVID-19, the price of LNG dropped lower than that of coal at one point. Based on the Japan Korea Marker (JKM), a price index of Northeast Asia, the natural gas unit *1MMBTU (Million British Thermal Unit)’s price in March 2020 recorded 2.43 USD, which was lower than that of Australian coal (2.56 USD) for the same amount of heat.*1 MMBTU: The amount of energy required to raise or lower the temperature of one pound of water by 1 degree Fahrenheit. It is generally used as the basic unit for measuring LNG.The use of LNG is also further encouraged since IMO 2020 regulates the amount of sulfur oxides emitted from ships to be reduced from the current 3.5% or less to 0.5% or less starting from 2020. Of course, there are other ways to meet such standards without LNG. Low sulfur fuel can be used instead since it contains less sulfur, or conventional fuel, like bunker fuel, can be continued to be used, as long as an exhaust gas cleaning system (Scrubber) is installed. However, low sulfur fuel is bound to increase ship operating costs due to its high price, and exhaust gas cleaning systems are not only expensive but also difficult to install in certain ships because of their gigantic size. Also, some countries restrict ships equipped with the system, so there is a limit to the wide use of the system.Therefore, introducing an eco-friendly LNG-powered ship equipped with a dual fuel (DF) engine utilizing both LNG and crude oil might seem ideal, but this option requires a lot of investment and time since the ships have to be built anew.It took two years for POSCO to introduce two LNG-powered vessels. In June 2018, an agreement was signed between the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, POSCO, H-Line, and KOGAS. From December that year, Hyundai Samho Heavy Industries began building the ship, and exactly two years later, POSCO could hold the ship naming ceremony. POSCO is currently participating in the low-carbon & eco-friendly policy even in the ocean by installing exhaust gas cleaning systems on 20 vessels, which is more than half of the total carriers, and by utilizing LNG and low sulfur fuel in the remaining raw material ships.

l LNG-powered Vessels: Why Korea Is the Best

The heat of the global shipbuilding industry last year was the Qatar LNG project. Qatar, the world’s number one LNG producer, plans to increase its current production of 77 million tons per year to 126 million tons by 2027 since it expects that demand for LNG will skyrocket in the future. Accordingly, the country placed large-scale orders for LNG carriers last year. The orders, known to be the world’s largest, reached a whopping 27 trillion KRW amounting to a maximum of 120 vessels with 200 billion KRW per ship. Korea, China, and Japan all competed to win the contract and Korea won the most amount with 23.6 trillion KRW.In June last year, Hyundai Heavy Industries, Samsung Heavy Industries, and Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering signed an agreement with Qatar Petroleum (QP), a state-owned oil company in Qatar, and reserved 100 LNG carrier building slots by 2027. Earlier in April, there were voices of concern that Korea might lose its spot as the leader of the LNG carrier market. However, the concerns proved unnecessary.Korea has positioned itself as the world’s number one in terms of orders for the past three years. And there is one specific advantage that sets Korea aside: the technology to build LNG-powered vessels. Since LNG carriers are at the same time LNG-powered vessels, the achievements of the Qatar project weren’t a huge surprise.The reason Korea is leading the sector of LNG-powered vessels is not only because it possesses excellent competitiveness, such as abundant experience and know-how to build large ships, but also due to its outstanding technology competitiveness in core facilities required for LNG-powered vessels, like fuel tanks, engines, and fuel power systems. Just as gasoline vehicles are replaced by electric vehicles, the engines of ships are changing according to fuel type. Korean shipbuilders have extensive experience in applying dual fuel engines that use crude oil and LNG, and the latest engines that have 10% better fuel efficiency to LNG-powered vessels. They also possess their own fuel supply system. Just as for LNG carriers, Korean shipbuilders have world-class design and construction technology for fuel tanks. The world’s first LNG-powered bulk carriers HL ECO and HL Green, introduced as POSCO raw material carriers, are made with 100% POSCO steel. Especially, this is the first time POSCO’s 9% nickel steel was applied to fuel tanks.▲ The world’s first LNG-powered bulk carrier, HL Green, in test operation. The oval tank surrounded by a yellow structure is the first LNG fuel tank to adopt POSCO 9% nickel steel.

l With Fuel Tanks for LNG-powered Vessels, POSCO Is Ready to Set Sail!

9% nickel steel is the most widely used steel for producing LNG storage tanks since it maintains outstanding strength and toughness even at extremely low temperatures that reach -163 degrees Celsius. 9% nickel steel could only be produced by few steelmakers in the past, so domestic shipbuilders had to depend on imports. However, POSCO succeeded in developing it for the first time in 1993, and after quality stabilization, production for the material has been accelerated from 2007. Recently, POSCO has been in active cooperation with the Big 3 shipbuilders in Korea to develop technology for LNG storage tanks using this material. By applying POSCO 9% nickel steel on the world’s first LNG-powered bulk carrier, POSCO has succeeded in material localization.According to the regulations of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), only nickel alloy steel, stainless steel, 9% nickel steel, and aluminum alloy steel were permitted to be used as cryogenic materials for LNG tanks on board an LNG carrier. But there is one material that received approval two years ago — POSCO’s own high manganese steel. While 9% nickel steel has a downside of being expensive and unstable supply and demand, high manganese steel is about 30% more economical than 9% nickel steel. Its supply and demand are also stable due to its rich reserves. In December 2017, POSCO succeeded in applying high manganese steel to LNG tanks of the 50,000-ton “Green Iris,” the world’s largest LNG-powered bulk carrier at the time.Of course, there is a view of LNG as a transitional fuel. This is because the next step of IMO 2020 is IMO 2030 which targets to reduce CO2 emissions by 40% compared to 2008. The eventual goal is IMO 2050, aiming to reduce CO2 emission by 70% compared to 2008, and attaining a zero-carbon society. When this is realized, hydrogen will replace conventional fossil fuels. However, until that day arrives, the eco-friendly vessels to represent at least the next 10 or 30 years will be the LNG-powered vessels. In the Golden Age of Gas spreading across the ocean, POSCO’s eco-friendly steel is sailing along the journey.Related Articles• POSCO’s Solution for the LNG Industry! (ep.1)• POSCO’s Solution for the LNG Industry! (ep.2) LNGLNG ShipLNG-powered VesselPOSCOPOSCO Nickel Steel
Learn more
With the Eco-friendly LNG-powered Vessel, POSCO Is All Ready to Set Sail!

News & Story

Read more